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Electric Vehicles In India Could Be Sold Without Batteries, Says Indian Government

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The Indian government says that sales and registration of electric two-wheelers and electric three-wheelers without batteries will be allowed in the country. The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways noted that this will be beneficial in adoption of EVs, with costs coming down.

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All electric two and three-wheelers can now be sold and registered without a battery


  • Electric two & three-wheelers can be sold & registered without batteries
  • Batteries constitute up to 40% of the total EV cost
  • Batteries can be sold regularly sales or via leasing/subscription offers

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has issued a notification to all state and union territories transport authorities that the sale and registration of electric two-wheelers and electric three-wheelers to be allowed without batteries. Given that the cost of the battery itself constitutes up to 30-40 per cent of the total cost of an electric two-wheeler or a three-wheeler, this move could lead to a significant push in the adoption of electric vehicles. The cost of an electric vehicle could be reduced to a large extent, making them more affordable.

Also Read: Delhi Government Aims To Electrify 50% Of Two-Wheeler Delivery Fleet By 2023


(The notification for EV sales and registration without batteries is applicable to only to two-wheelers and three-wheelers)

Naveen Munjal, Managing Director, Hero Electric, says "The policy is a welcome move. I am excited about the possibilities that exist in making EVs accessible to every individual in the country. All we need is a combination of such pioneering policies for it to work for us as per plan in the long-run will work in the long term. For this to take off and be able to efficiently pass on the benefit to the consumer, we ought to work towards a strong infrastructure that allows EV owners to charge and swapping batteries wherever they require. I look forward to more such positive interventions."


(Electric two-wheeler companies are anticipating better sales with the coming of the new rule)

The company or the energy service provider can always sell the battery or offer the use of one with a leasing/subscription model. This is of course only related to electric two and three-wheelers. There hasn't been any mention of electric passenger cars or electric buses in the circular.

Also Read: Delhi Government Allows Benefits Of Up To ₹ 1.5 Lakh On EVs


(Batteries can constitute up to 40 per cent of an electric vehicle's total cost)

The circular that the Road Transport Ministry had sent to all other state transport authorities, read, "For the promotion of electric two-wheelers and three-wheeler vehicles, there are recommendations brought to the notice of the Ministry to de-link the cost of the battery (which accounts for 30-40 percent of the total cost) from the vehicle cost."

Tarun Mehta, CEO and co-founder, Ather Energy, said, "MoRTH's new policy is a great move for both customers and OEMs. It lowers the upfront cost that the consumer has to pay and allows OEMs to build superior products at an affordable price point. Ather has been proactively experimenting with different sales and ownership models and the new policy opens up new opportunities in financing options."

Also Read: Hyundai Ioniq Brand Dedicated To EVs


The Rule 126 of Central Motor Vehicle Rule, 1989 states that all electric vehicles and batteries need to be tested by requisite agencies and have a type approval certificate. But the catch here is what happens to the subsidies under the government's FAME scheme, because, the subsidies on electric vehicles is based on the battery capacity. The question here is how will the government offer incentives going forward, if batteries are taken out of the equation.

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